# Source code for abydos.distance._goodall

# Copyright 2019-2020 by Christopher C. Little.
# This file is part of Abydos.
#
# Abydos is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# Abydos is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with Abydos. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

"""abydos.distance._goodall.

Goodall similarity
"""

from math import asin, pi

from ._token_distance import _TokenDistance

__all__ = ['Goodall']

[docs]class Goodall(_TokenDistance):
r"""Goodall similarity.

For two sets X and Y and a population N, Goodall similarity
:cite:Goodall:1967,Austin:1977 is an angular transformation of Sokal
& Michener's simple matching coefficient

.. math::

sim_{Goodall}(X, Y) = \frac{2}{\pi} \sin^{-1}\Big(
\sqrt{\frac{|X \cap Y| + |(N \setminus X) \setminus Y|}{|N|}}
\Big)

In :ref:2x2 confusion table terms <confusion_table>, where a+b+c+d=n,
this is

.. math::

sim_{Goodall} =\frac{2}{\pi} \sin^{-1}\Big(
\sqrt{\frac{a + d}{n}}
\Big)

"""

def __init__(
self,
alphabet=None,
tokenizer=None,
intersection_type='crisp',
**kwargs
):
"""Initialize Goodall instance.

Parameters
----------
alphabet : Counter, collection, int, or None
This represents the alphabet of possible tokens.
See :ref:alphabet <alphabet> description in
:py:class:_TokenDistance for details.
tokenizer : _Tokenizer
A tokenizer instance from the :py:mod:abydos.tokenizer package
intersection_type : str
Specifies the intersection type, and set type as a result:
See :ref:intersection_type <intersection_type> description in
:py:class:_TokenDistance for details.
**kwargs
Arbitrary keyword arguments

Other Parameters
----------------
qval : int
The length of each q-gram. Using this parameter and tokenizer=None
will cause the instance to use the QGram tokenizer with this
q value.
metric : _Distance
A string distance measure class for use in the soft and
fuzzy variants.
threshold : float
A threshold value, similarities above which are counted as
members of the intersection for the fuzzy variant.

"""
super(Goodall, self).__init__(
alphabet=alphabet,
tokenizer=tokenizer,
intersection_type=intersection_type,
**kwargs
)

[docs]    def sim(self, src, tar):
"""Return the Goodall similarity of two strings.

Parameters
----------
src : str
Source string (or QGrams/Counter objects) for comparison
tar : str
Target string (or QGrams/Counter objects) for comparison

Returns
-------
float
Goodall similarity

Examples
--------
>>> cmp = Goodall()
>>> cmp.sim('cat', 'hat')
0.9544884026871964
>>> cmp.sim('Niall', 'Neil')
0.9397552079794624
>>> cmp.sim('aluminum', 'Catalan')
0.9117156301536503
>>> cmp.sim('ATCG', 'TAGC')
0.9279473952929225

"""
if src == tar:
return 1.0

self._tokenize(src, tar)

a = self._intersection_card()
d = self._total_complement_card()
n = self._population_unique_card()

return 2 / pi * asin(((a + d) / n) ** 0.5)

if __name__ == '__main__':
import doctest

doctest.testmod()